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Valentines Day: Its History and Celebrations


Celebrated on February 14 yearly, Saint Valentine’s Day or Valentine’s Day is the standard day on which lovers convey their love to one another by sending Valentine’s playing cards, typically even anonymously. The commonest characteristic of Valentines Day lately is the mutual trade of affection notes within the type of “valentines”. Standard Valentine symbols of recent occasions embrace the heart-shaped define and the determine of the winged Cupid. For the reason that 19th century, mass produced greeting playing cards have largely changed handwritten notes. It’s believed that just about one billion Valentines Day playing cards are despatched annually worldwide, making it solely the second largest card-sending vacation subsequent to Christmas. Ladies are believed to buy roughly 85 % of all “valentines”.

Tales of many Valentines

Opinions differ about who St Valentine was. Early martyrologies point out at the very least three St Valentines beneath the date of 14 February. One is a priest at Rome, one other a Bishop of Interamna (now Terni in Italy) and the opposite lived and died in Africa. Many, nonetheless, are of the opinion that the primary two are the identical particular person.

It’s, nonetheless, broadly believed that Valentine’s Day has maybe originated from the traditional Roman feast of Lupercalia. A competition was held on February 15 in honor of one among their gods Lupercus, who was known as upon by the Romans to push back the threats of these fierce wolves that roamed the adjoining forests. On the eve of the competition of Lupercalia, a love lottery was organized wherein the names of Roman ladies have been written on slips of paper and positioned into jars. Every younger man then drew a slip and the woman whose identify he picked up was to be his sweetheart for the yr.

The vacation subsequently turned Valentine’s Day after a priest named Valentine. At the moment when Christianity was nonetheless a brand new faith, Valentine was a priest in Rome. The then Emperor Claudius II, had issued an order forbidding the Roman troopers to marry or develop into engaged. The emperor believed that when they received married, his troopers would need to keep dwelling reasonably than struggle his wars. Valentine defied the Emperor’s decree and secretly married the younger . He was lastly arrested, imprisoned, and beheaded on February 14, the eve of Lupercalia. Valentine was posthumously named a saint. As Christianity grew stronger in Rome, the monks moved the Lupercalia or spring vacation from February 15 to February 14, i.e., Valentine’s Day. Since then the vacation started honoring Saint Valentine as an alternative of Lupercus.

“Out of your Valentine”

Based on one other story, Valentine was one of many early Christians who was seized and dragged earlier than the Prefect of Rome and jailed for serving to some Christian martyrs. He cured the jailor’s daughter of blindness whereas in jail. When the emperor realized of this miracle he ordered the beheading of Valentine. Valentine is claimed to have despatched the jailor’s daughter a farewell message signed, “Out of your Valentine”.

In 1969, as half of a bigger effort to cut back the variety of saint days of purely legendary origin, the Church eliminated St. Valentine’s Day as an official vacation from its calendar. At current, February 14 is devoted solely to Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius.

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